Anne Frank is a young girl from Amsterdam who eventually died in a Nazi concentration camp. She is known as the most famous diarist of all time and one of the best-known victims of the Holocaust.
Anne Frank’s diary has been translated into more than 70 languages, and it has been the basis for several plays and films. It begins with her first day at school, where she quickly becomes friends with a group of Jewish children, including her cousin, Peter van Pels. The group becomes known as the Secret Annexe, as they hide from the Nazis by living in hidden rooms in their homes. In 1942 they are discovered by the Gestapo and they are sent to concentration camps.
Anne Frank Timeline
Anne Frank’s Jewish family were about to be deported to a concentration camp when she wrote the diary. Her father Otto, mother Edith and younger sister, Margot, were murdered.
During World War II, Anne and her sister, Margot, lived in a secret annexe which was used to hide Jewish people.
Anne’s diary was written in the summer of 1944, shortly after the news reached the Secret Annexe that their father and brother, Peter, had been arrested. The Nazis later caught Anne and her sister, but they spared their lives, believing Anne was just a child and not as important as her sister.
It was not until 1990 that Anne’s father, Otto, was freed from the Buchenwald concentration camp.
Anne’s mother, Edith, died of pneumonia in a concentration camp two years later.
Anne Frank Biography
It’s a story that no one can quite imagine, a young girl living under the Nazis, hoping she will live to see the world again, hoping she can survive. Anne Frank was an ordinary, average girl. She had her whole life in front of her; she had a loving family and great friends. But things started to change quickly when the Nazis invaded her home country, Germany. Anne was nine years old, and it was one of the first times she really started to think about what was happening to people around her.
She began to read, more and more about what was happening to people in other parts of the world. Her father became very angry and worried. “I think they’re all crazy,” he told her. He was worried that a lot of people were going to be hurt in the war.
The Secret Annexe
A few of Anne’s stories in her diary related to her time in the Secret Annexe.
On Dec. 5, 1942, Anne wrote in her diary: “Today the children in the Annexe had their last geography lessons before they were sent off to the camp, and of course, I joined in too. It was all going very quickly, for I thought that the six weeks of vacation that I had managed to bring forward from the vacation that I would get in July would be a nice rest and then everything would be over. Then I came to my senses, and thought of how difficult it will be to start everything again.”
Although the children are sent to concentration camps, Anne’s diary explains that she never loses hope for a better future and even believes that she will return to the Secret Annexe one day.
Eva’s Diary, the fictionalization of Anne’s life
Eva Schloss (born April 18, 1929) was born the only child of Nazi German Chancellor Adolf Hitler’s only daughter, Margot. Margot met Hitler during World War I and they married in 1919. Eva and her older sister, Pauline, were raised with Nazi values. As Hitler rose to power, the Nazis demanded that Eva and Pauline look exactly like Hitler’s mother, and this required the girls to undergo a series of plastic surgery operations. For this reason, Eva is listed in Anne Frank’s diaries as “Evelyn.”
In 1944, after the Dutch government sent the Franks to the Westerbork transit camp, she was sent to Auschwitz, where she was forced to become a slave for a Nazi family. After a year, she was sent to Ravensbrück, where she contracted typhus.
The play, “Anne Frank in the Picture House”
The Secret Annexe is in the basement of an old cinema and is a small, windowless space. It was given to them by the owner of the cinema and used as a room for storing and keeping all their possessions, including their fake identity papers, ration cards and passports.
They are separated by the fence. The rest of the group moves into an annexe nearby while the two teenagers hide in a cardboard box together. Both are carefully hidden underneath a painting, under a piece of canvas and buried under books.
“The Diary of a Young Girl”
In a way, it’s a story of a girl that’s smart, outspoken, but she had a future in her eyes that she was going to have. She was going to be a writer,” says Becca Steffen, director of Anne Frank: The Story of a Young Woman.
Peter van Pels (Hannes Hafner)
Her diary is among the first to reveal the reality of the Holocaust.
“It was published in 1945. It gave a lot of details about the German invasion. People learned very quickly that Germany was invading Poland. They learned very quickly that people were being persecuted for their religion,” says Steffen. “It was the ’38 but it was an earlier invasion of Europe.”
Steffen says people today are better educated about the Holocaust. She says, even though the Holocaust is in the past, it still affects the world today.
The legacy that Anne left behind
In the year 2000, Anne Frank’s death was commemorated by a visit to the Anne Frank Museum, where her father presented the diary to the museum. The library that had the diary was later published in 1988.
In 2005, a documentary film about Anne’s life, directed by Ronald Castree, was released, and in 2009 a BBC miniseries Anne was released in four parts. The next big project on the legacy of Anne was the Anne Frank: The Biography on Dutch Television, which included other stories that contributed to the girl’s rise to fame.
Anne Frank: The Story of a Young Girl by Alfred Radice was released in April 2016. It chronicles Anne’s childhood and youth and describes her family history, her life in Amsterdam before the Nazi occupation, and the impact of the Nazi occupation on her and her family.